How to build a secure wordpress website?


Websites are of paramount importance in today’s digital age for individuals, businesses, organizations, and society as a whole. A WordPress website is a website that is built using the WordPress content management system (CMS). WordPress is a popular open-source platform that allows users to create, manage, and customize websites without needing extensive technical knowledge. It’s known for its user-friendly interface, flexibility, and a vast ecosystem of themes, plugins, and resources.

WordPress website is a versatile and relevant platform that empowers individuals and businesses to create and manage their online presence efficiently. Its combination of ease of use, customization options, and a thriving community make it a popular choice for a wide range of website types and purposes.

Building a secure WordPress website involves a combination of best practices, tools, and strategies to protect your website from potential threats and vulnerabilities. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you build a secure WordPress website:

Choose a Reliable Hosting Provider

Choosing a reliable hosting provider is crucial for the success and security of your website. Here are some key factors to consider when selecting a hosting provider:

  • Uptime and Reliability: Look for a hosting provider with a strong track record of high uptime (ideally 99.9% or higher). A reliable host ensures that your website is accessible to visitors without frequent downtime.
  • Security Measures: Ensure that the hosting provider implements robust security measures, including firewalls, malware scanning, DDoS protection, and regular security updates. Your host should prioritize the security of its servers and infrastructure.
  • Customer Support: Reliable customer support is essential. Look for hosting providers that offer 24/7 customer support through various channels, such as live chat, email, and phone. Quick and effective support can save you time and frustration when issues arise.
  • Backup and Recovery: A good hosting provider should provide regular backups of your website’s data and offer easy restoration options in case of data loss or website issues.

SSL and Security Features: An SSL certificate is crucial for website security. Check whether the hosting provider offers free SSL certificates and other security features.

Remember that the right hosting provider for you depends on your specific needs, budget, and the type of website you’re building. Take the time to research and compare options to make an informed decision.

Use Strong Login Credentials

Using strong login credentials for your WordPress website is a crucial step in ensuring its security. Here are some guidelines to help you create strong login credentials:

  • Use a Unique Username: Avoid using common usernames like “admin” or “user.” Choose a unique username that is not easily guessable.
  • Create a Strong Password: Your password should be complex and not easily guessable. Use a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. Aim for a minimum length of 12 characters.
  • Avoid Dictionary Words: Do not use dictionary words or easily guessable phrases. Instead, consider using a passphrase that combines multiple words and characters.
  • Use a Password Manager: Consider using a reputable password manager to generate and store strong, unique passwords for your accounts. This helps you avoid using the same password across multiple platforms.
  • Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): Implement two-factor authentication for your WordPress login. This adds an extra layer of security by requiring a second authentication method, such as a code sent to your phone, in addition to your password.
  • Change Default “admin” Username: If your WordPress installation still has the default “admin” username, create a new administrator account with a unique username and delete the default “admin” account.
  • Regularly Update Passwords: Change your passwords periodically, especially if you suspect any security breaches or if there are changes in personnel with access to the website.
  • Limit Login Attempts: Use a plugin to limit the number of failed login attempts. This helps prevent brute-force attacks by locking out users who enter incorrect credentials multiple times.
  • Be Cautious with User Roles: Assign user roles based on the principle of least privilege. Only grant necessary access to users. Avoid giving everyone administrator-level access unless required.

Keep WordPress Core, Themes, and Plugins Updated

Keeping the WordPress core, themes, and plugins updated is a critical aspect of maintaining a secure and functional website. Just like a well-maintained car, a regularly updated website runs smoothly and is less vulnerable to security breaches. The WordPress core updates often include security patches that address known vulnerabilities. For instance, if a plugin used for contact forms is not kept up to date, hackers might exploit its weaknesses to inject malicious code into your site. Moreover, theme updates can enhance design, user experience, and security. Consider a scenario where an outdated theme lacks compatibility with the latest version of WordPress, potentially causing display issues or leaving vulnerabilities open. Regularly updating these components ensures that your website remains at the forefront of security and functionality, reducing the risk of cyberattacks and offering visitors a seamless experience.

Install Only Trusted Themes and Plugins

Installing only trusted themes and plugins on your WordPress website is a fundamental step in ensuring its security and stability. Think of your website as a fortress – you wouldn’t invite just anyone in. Similarly, choosing themes and plugins from reputable sources helps safeguard your site from potential vulnerabilities and malicious code. For instance, if you opt for a free theme from the official WordPress repository, you’re likely to receive regular updates and support, minimizing the risk of security breaches. In contrast, downloading a theme or plugin from an unverified website might expose your site to hidden malware that could compromise user data or even result in your site being blacklisted by search engines. Similarly, a well-regarded e-commerce plugin can help you securely manage online transactions, while a questionable one might expose customer payment details to hackers. By sticking to trusted sources and conducting thorough research, you ensure that your website remains a safe haven for both you and your visitors. Remove any themes or plugins that you’re not actively using. Inactive themes and plugins can become potential security risks if not updated.

Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

Enabling Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) for your WordPress website is a powerful security measure that adds an extra layer of protection to your login process. With 2FA, users need to provide two different forms of authentication before they can access their accounts. This typically involves something they know (like a password) and something they have (like a unique code generated on their smartphone).

By implementing 2FA, even if an attacker manages to obtain a user’s password, they won’t be able to access the account without the second authentication factor. This greatly enhances the security of your WordPress site, making it significantly harder for unauthorized users to gain access.

Here are a few popular plugins that can help you set up 2FA on your WordPress website:

  1. Google Authenticator – Two-Factor Authentication (By MiniOrange): This plugin integrates with the Google Authenticator app, generating time-based one-time passwords (TOTPs) for users. It’s easy to set up and offers a straightforward user experience.
  2. Two Factor Authentication (By WP White Security): This plugin supports a variety of 2FA methods, including TOTP, QR code, email, and backup codes. It also provides a user-friendly interface for administrators to configure the settings.
  3. Duo Two-Factor Authentication: Duo offers a strong two-factor authentication solution that supports multiple methods, including push notifications, SMS, phone calls, and hardware tokens. It’s suitable for both small websites and larger enterprises.
  4. Wordfence Security – Firewall & Malware Scan: While primarily known for its security features, Wordfence also provides 2FA functionality. It’s a comprehensive security plugin that includes other features like a firewall and malware scanning.
  5. Authy Two Factor Authentication: Authy is a user-friendly 2FA plugin that supports various authentication methods, including one-touch approval and time-based tokens. It offers both simplicity and security.
  6. iThemes Security (formerly Better WP Security): iThemes Security is a comprehensive security plugin that includes 2FA as one of its features. It provides various security enhancements, making it suitable for those looking for an all-in-one solution.

When choosing a 2FA plugin, consider factors like ease of use, compatibility with your WordPress setup, the authentication methods supported, and whether the plugin offers adequate support and updates. Implementing 2FA demonstrates your commitment to safeguarding your website and user data, enhancing the overall security of your WordPress environment.

Regular Backups

Regular backups of your WordPress website are of paramount importance to ensure the security, stability, and continuity of your online presence. Think of backups as a safety net that guards against unforeseen events. In the digital landscape, where data breaches, malware attacks, accidental deletions, and technical glitches can occur, having up-to-date backups offers peace of mind. Backups serve as a safeguard against data loss and enable you to quickly recover your website to a functioning state in case of emergencies. They are your insurance policy against the unexpected, allowing you to revert to a previous version of your site with minimal disruption. By establishing a routine backup regimen, you fortify your website against potential disasters and empower yourself to swiftly navigate any challenges that come your way, ultimately ensuring the longevity and reliability of your WordPress website.

Cost-Effective Methods to Backup Your Website Regularly:

  1. Hosting Provider Backups: Many hosting providers offer automated backup solutions as part of their hosting plans. Check if your host provides regular backups, and if they do, make sure you understand the frequency and restoration process.
  2. WordPress Backup Plugins: There are several free and paid backup plugins available for WordPress. Plugins like UpdraftPlus, Duplicator, and BackWPup allow you to schedule automated backups and store them on cloud storage platforms like Dropbox, Google Drive, or Amazon S3.
  3. Cloud Backup Services: Cloud-based backup services like VaultPress (by Automattic), Jetpack Backup, and BlogVault offer automated backup solutions with off-site storage, ensuring your backups are safe even if something happens to your website’s server.
  4. Manual Backup via Control Panel: Most hosting control panels (like cPanel or Plesk) offer manual backup options. You can use these to create a full backup of your website’s files and database.
  5. WordPress Management Services: Managed WordPress hosting services often include automated backups and site management features. While they may have a cost associated, they provide a comprehensive solution for your website’s needs.

Remember that having backups is only part of the solution. Regularly test your backups to ensure they are working and can be restored successfully. Additionally, store your backups in secure locations away from your website’s server to ensure you have access to them even in case of server failure or security breaches.

Use SSL Encryption (HTTPS)

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) encryption stands as a cornerstone of online security, its importance stemming from the critical role it plays in safeguarding sensitive information exchanged between users and websites. By encrypting data during transmission, SSL shields personal details, financial transactions, and confidential communications from the prying eyes of cybercriminals and hackers. The visual assurance provided by the padlock icon and “HTTPS” in the browser address bar instills trust in users, assuring them of a secure connection. This trust-building aspect not only fosters user confidence but also bolsters the credibility of websites. Beyond enhancing security, SSL encryption is intertwined with modern digital practices – it aids in achieving better search engine rankings, ensures compliance with data protection regulations, and mitigates the risk of data tampering and unauthorized access. In a rapidly evolving online landscape, SSL encryption remains an indispensable tool in fortifying the privacy, integrity, and reliability of digital interactions, making it a non-negotiable consideration for any website owner or online entity.

Monitor and Respond to Security Alerts

Monitoring and responding to security alerts on your WordPress website is a vital practice to ensure its safety. Through continuous monitoring using security plugins, real-time alerts, and log analysis, you can promptly identify and address potential threats, unauthorized access attempts, or malicious activities. These alerts empower you to take swift action, such as blocking suspicious IPs, mitigating attacks, and strengthening security measures. By proactively staying vigilant and having a well-defined response plan in place, you can effectively safeguard your website’s data, maintain its functionality, and protect both your digital assets and your visitors’ trust.

Here are some helpful tools for effectively managing security alerts:

  • Wordfence: Offers real-time threat detection, firewall protection, and malware scanning.
  • Sucuri Security: Provides monitoring, scanning, and cleanup for malware and security issues.
  • iThemes Security: Features login protection, brute-force attack prevention, and security scanning.

Stay Informed and Educated

In the realm of building a secure WordPress website, the principle of staying informed and educated stands as a cornerstone. Technology and security landscapes evolve rapidly, making it imperative to remain up-to-date with the latest developments, emerging threats, and best practices. Continuous learning empowers you to understand the evolving tactics of hackers and anticipate potential vulnerabilities. By keeping a vigilant eye on security blogs, forums, and trusted resources, you equip yourself with the knowledge needed to make informed decisions. This approach enables you to implement robust security measures, choose reliable plugins, and promptly address emerging issues. In the ever-changing digital arena, staying informed not only fortifies your WordPress fortress but also embodies a proactive commitment to safeguarding your online presence and the integrity of your website’s user experience.


Securing a WordPress website is not merely a task but a continuous commitment to ensuring the safety of both your digital assets and the trust of your visitors. By implementing a multi-layered approach that encompasses strong authentication, regular updates, robust security plugins, and diligent monitoring, you build a resilient shield against potential threats. Embracing security best practices, staying vigilant against vulnerabilities, and being prepared to respond swiftly to any alerts that arise will fortify your website’s defenses. In this digital age where cyber risks are ever-present, the investment of time and effort in securing your WordPress website is an investment in its long-term stability, credibility, and the peace of mind of everyone who interacts with it. If you are looking for wordpress development service in bangalore, then reach out to us today